Biotechnology is truly multidisciplinary in nature and it encompasses several disciplines of basic sciences and engineering. The science disciplines from which biotechnology draws heavily are; microbiology, Chemistry, biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, immunology, cell and tissue culture and physiology. On the engineering side, it leans heavily on process chemical and biochemical engineering since large scale cultivation of microorganisms and cells , their down stream processing etc. are based on them.
- Medical Biotechnology
- Plant Biotechnology
- Animal Biotechnology
- Environmental Biotechnology
- Industrial Biotechnology
What is bioinformatics?
Roughly, bioinformatics describes any use of computers to handle biological information.
In practice, the definition used by most people is narrower; bioinformatics to them is a synonym for "computational molecular biology"---the use of computers to characterize the molecular components of living things.
What is Biophysics?
Molecular biology itself grew out of biophysics.The British Biophysical Society defines biophysics as:
"an interdisciplinary field which applies techniques from the physical sciences to understanding biological structure and function"
What is Computational Biology?
Computational biologists might object (please do), but, I find that people use "computational biology" when discussing that subset of bioinformatics (in the broadest sense) closest to the field of classical general biology.
What is Medical Informatics?
The Medical Informatics FAQ (no relation) provides the following definition:
"Biomedical Informatics is an emerging discipline that has been defined as the study, invention, and implementation of structures and algorithms to improve communication, understanding and management of medical information."